MELBOURNEEditMelbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area of which "Melbourne" is the common name. The metropolis is located on the large natural bay known as Port Phillip, with the city centre positioned at the estuary of the Yarra River (at the northern-most point of the bay). The metropolitan area then extends south from the city centre, along the eastern and western shorelines of Port Phillip, and expands into the hinterland. The city centre is situated in the municipality known as the City of Melbourne, and the metropolitan area consists of a futher of municipalities
Often referred to as the "cultural capital of AustraliaMelbourne is the birthplace of cultural institutions such as Australian Film (as well as the world's first feature film), Australian television, A ustralian rules football, the Australian impressionist art movement (known as the Heidelberg School) and Australian dance styles such as New Vogue and the Melbourne Shuffle. It is also a major centre for contemporary and traditional Australian music. Melbourne was ranked as the world's most liveable city in the World's Most Livable Cities ratings by the Economist Group's Intelligence Unit in August, 2011 It was also ranked in the top ten Global
University Cities by RMIT's Global University Cities Index (since 2006) and the top 20 Global Innovation Cities by the 2thinknow Global Innovation Agency (since 2007).The metropolis is also home to the world's largest tram network. The main airport serving Melbourne is Melbourne Airport. Avalon Airport is currently being developed into Melbourne's second international airport.
Melbourne is Located in he south of Australia in the State of Victoria.
Melbourne is located in the south-eastern part of mainland Australia, within the state of Victoria. Melbourne extends along the Yarra River towards the Yarra Valley and the Dandenog Ranges to the east. It extends northward through the undulating bushland valleys of the Yarra's tributaries Moonee Ponds Creek (toward Tullamarine Airport)
Map of Melbourne CityEdit
URBAN STRUCTUREEditThe centre of Melbourne's central business district is formed by the Hoddle Grid (dimensions of 1 by 0.5 miles (1.6 by 0.80 km)). The grid's southern edge fronts onto the Yarra River. Office, commercial and public developments in the adjoining districts of Southbank and Docklands have made these redeveloped areas into extensions of the CBD in all but name. The city centre is well known for its historic and attractive lanes and arcades which contain a variety of shops and cafés and are a byproduct of the city's layout.
Melbourne is known for the "laneway culture" of its extensive network of lively city lanes which include Centre place (pictured).Melbourne's urban structure features large parks and gardens and wide avenues.Melbourne's CBD, compared with other Australian cities, has comparatively unrestricted height limits and as a result of waves of post-war development contains five of the six tallest buildings in Australia, the tallest of which is the Eureka Tower, situated in Southbank. It has an observation deck near the top from where you can see above all of Melbourne's structures.The Rialto tower, the city's second tallest, remains the tallest building in the old CBD; its observation deck for visitors has recently closed. The CBD and surrounds also contain many significant historic buildings such as the Royal Exhibition Building, the Melbourne Town Hall and Parliament House.Although the area is described as the centre, it is not actually the demographic centre of Melbourne at all, due to an urban sprawl to the south east, the demographic centre being located at Glen Iris.
One of the things you have to do when you arrive in Melbourne see some sport! Melbourne is so Passionate about their sport. The is a Huge range of sports for you to see! The city is home to three major annual international sporting events: the Australian Open (one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments), the Melbourne Cup (horse racing), and the Australian Grand Prix (Formula). In recent years, the city has claimed the SportsBusiness title "World's Ultimate Sports City". The city is home to the National Sports Museum, which until 2003 was located outside the members pavilion at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) and reopened in 2008 in the Olympic Stand.
Australian OpenEditThe Australian Open is a major Tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. First held in 1905, the tournament is chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events of the year – the other three being the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles and junior's championships; as well as wheelchair, legends and exhibition events. Since 1988 the tournament has been played on hard courts at Melbourne Park.
The Melbourne Cup is Australia's major Horse Race. Marketed as "the race that stops a nation", it is a 3,200 metre race for three-year-olds and over. It is the richest "two-mile" handicap in the world, and one of the richest turf races. Conducted by the Victoria Racing Club on the Flemington Racecoures in Melbourne, the event starts at 3pm (daylight saving time) the first Tuesday in November.